Training Modalities in Rehabilitation Robotics

Training Modalities in Rehabilitation Robotics

As we saw in the previous two lessons, rehabilitation robots can generally be categorized as upper-limb rehabilitation robots and lower-limb rehabilitation robots. No matter which part of the body they are targeting to rehabilitate, they can provide four different types of physical therapy that should be chosen based on the patient's needs. They are passive rehabilitation, active-assisted rehabilitation, active-resisted rehabilitation, and bilateral manipulation. Passive Rehabilitation Passive Rehabilitation can be used at the early stages of the impairment where the affected limb has no movement. In this type of therapy, the robot moves the affected limb of the patient through a…
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Lower-Extremity Rehabilitation Robots

Lower-Extremity Rehabilitation Robots

Previously, we learned about rehabilitation and the importance of robot-aided rehabilitation. We have also seen some of the upper-limb rehabilitation robots and how they operate. In this lesson, we will become familiarized with lower-limb rehabilitation robots that are helpful for patients with lower-extremity disorders. Lower-extremity exoskeleton robots can be designed to help the movement of a specific joint, or they are designed for gait rehabilitation. They can also serve as assistive devices to perform activities of daily living (ADL). Joint-specific Rehabilitation/Assistive Exoskeleton Robots Joint-specific rehabilitation/assistive exoskeleton robots are used for body joints rehabilitation and can be made to rehabilitate or…
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Upper-limb Rehabilitation Robotics

Upper-limb Rehabilitation Robotics

You may have already heard about rehabilitation, or you may have used some of the services in the past, or the first thing that comes to your mind is Britney Spears. But whatever you've already had in your mind, rehabilitation refers to enhancing or restoring the movement and quality of life for people with disabilities or other impairments due to diseases or injury. By definition, rehabilitation refers to help restore movement and function to people with disabilities caused by diseases or injury. However, doing repetitive tasks for long periods of time is daunting and less intensive than needed for proper…
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Sliding Mode Control of an Exoskeleton Robot for Use in Upper-Limb Rehabilitation

Sliding Mode Control of an Exoskeleton Robot for Use in Upper-Limb Rehabilitation

Note: The Sliding Mode Control of The Shoulder Rehabilitation Robot project was done during 2011 - 2013 when Madi was a master's student. Sliding-Mode Control of 3-DOF Rehabilitation Robot Abstract In this paper, mechanical design and control of an exoskeleton robot for shoulder rehabilitation after stroke are presented. Initially, mechanical design of a new 3 degrees of freedom (DOF) exoskeleton robot for shoulder joint rehabilitation is presented. All robot measurements are based on the properties of upper limb of an adult person. A new open circular mechanism is proposed for the third joint. Afterwards, direct and inverse kinematics, Jacobian matrix,…
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