What Is Virtual Reality (VR)?

What Is Virtual Reality (VR)?

As you may have already heard, Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) have been two of the big market trends for the last five to six years. You may even have worked with some of the devices featuring these technologies, like when playing games with those special headsets. VR and AR have changed our perception and interaction with computers and with the environment around us. VR shows us new alternate universes, and AR superimposes data, images, and unique experiences on the world around us. VR and AR are also very important in robotics. VR and AR found their way…
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Homogeneous Transformation Matrices to Express Configurations in Robotics

Homogeneous Transformation Matrices to Express Configurations in Robotics

Up to this point, we have discussed orientations in robotics, and we have become familiarized with different representations to express orientations in robotics. In this lesson, we will start with configurations, and we will learn about homogeneous transformation matrices that are great tools to express configurations (both positions and orientations) in a compact matrix form. This lesson is part of the series of lessons on foundations necessary to express robot motions. For the full comprehension of the Fundamentals of Robot Motions and the necessary tools to represent the configurations, velocities, and forces causing the motion, please read the following lessons…
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Cayley-Rodrigues Parameters to Express Orientations in Robotics

Cayley-Rodrigues Parameters to Express Orientations in Robotics

In this lesson, we will become familiarized with another representation for orientations in robotics that is called Cayley-Rodrigues Parameters. Cayley-Rodrigues parameters provide local coordinates for SO(3). They are local coordinates because the representation is not singularity-free, and not all orientations can be expressed by them. However, they have properties that make them intriguing. This lesson is part of the series of lessons on foundations necessary to express robot motions. For the full comprehension of the Fundamentals of Robot Motions and the necessary tools to represent the configurations, velocities, and forces causing the motion, please read the following lessons (note that…
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Fundamentals of Robot Motions: Configurations (Introduction)

Fundamentals of Robot Motions: Configurations (Introduction)

This post is part one of the series of lessons on the fundamentals necessary to represent the robot's configuration, and it gives an introduction to what we mean when we are talking about representing a robot's configuration. In previous lessons, we learned that the robot's configuration answers the question of where the robot is, and we saw that there are two ways to represent the robot's configuration: Implicit representation, where the configuration is represented by embedding the curved space in higher-dimensional Euclidean space subject to constraints and explicit representation where configuration is represented with a minimum number of coordinates. You…
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